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Category Archives: Fiqh

Purity and Purification

unreasonably excessive use of water is eschewed in Islam and may even nullify the wudhu’.

At the basis of any act of worship in Islam is the state of physical and spiritual purity that a Muslim is required to maintain. This is done by taking a ritual bath (Ghusl) or the ritual cleansing of specific parts of the body (Wudhu’). Once in this state, it is important to be careful not to engage in any activity that nullifies it (until the intended act of Worship is complete, at least). These restrictions are primarily for the sake of raising one’s own spiritual awareness and not neglecting the original intention of worship.

Such acts are (according to the Shafi’e fiqh):

  1. Excretion via the anus/urinary tract
  2. Deep sleep
  3. Loss of consciousness or sanity
  4. Touching one’s husband or wife, or any unrelated person of the opposite gender
  5. Touching the private parts

In addition to this, it is best to maintain the physical cleanliness of one’s body, clothes and area of worship. These are some general guidelines of what a Muslim should avoid coming in contact with before entering prayer (or any other act of worship that requires wudhu’):

  1. Alcohol
  2. Dogs and pigs
  3. Corpses (exceptions from this are: human corpses, fish and grasshoppers)
  4. Blood and pus
  5. Urine and faeces
  6. The milk of prohibited animals (e.g donkeys)

It should be noted that coming in contact with these entities does not nullify the Wudhu’. One must, however, ensure that he cleanses off any traces before he enters prayer.

However, as it goes with any law, there are always exceptions to the rule. The shari’a was never meant to be overbearing, thus the following are excused and it is not incumbent upon one to cleanse himself from these items before prayer (out of the long list here I only quote those immediately relevant to this age and lifestyle):

  1. When the impurity is indiscernible, i.e, one knows it is an impurity but is unable to identify what exactly it is, then it suffices to simply rinse it off by sprinkling water (this is the method used to cleanse the lowest degree of impurity).
  2. Small amounts of blood and pus, be it from insect bites or minor cuts.
  3. Blood and pus from one’s own wounds – of which he did not inflict upon himself.
  4. The blood on meat.

And Allah knows best.

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Posted by on June 5, 2012 in Fiqh

 

Fasting

On the authority of Abu Hurayrah (R.A) from the Prophet (PBUH), who said:

“Allah (mighty and sublime is He) says:

‘Fasting is Mine and it is I Who give reward for it. (A man) gives up his sexual passion, his food and his drink for My sake.’ Fasting is like a shield, and he who fasts has two joys: a joy when he breaks his fast and a joy when he meets his Lord. The change in the breath of the mouth of him who fasts is better in Allah’s estimation than the smell of musk”

[Bukhari, Muslim, Malik, at-Tirmidhi, an-Nasa’I and Ibn Majah]

some recommendations of conduct and etiquette for fasting are (this is an abridged translation from Imam ash-Shafie’s Fiqh al-Manhaji) :

a. taking Sahur (pre-dawn meal) and delaying it – as well as hastening the Iftar (the breaking of fast). the Prophet (pbuh) said, “my Ummah  persists in goodness as long as they hasten the Iftar and delay the sahoor.”

b. abstaining from negative talk – this includes swearing, cursing, lying, backbiting, etc. in accordance to the hadith where the Prophet (pbuh) said,”whoever does not abandon false speech and his acting upon it, Allah has no use for his abandonment of his food and drink’

c. avoiding acts that deliberately (and substantially) depletes the body’s nourishment e.g cupping or any act that requires drawing blood from the body.

d. engaging in more suprerogatory acts. the Prophet (pbuh) was once asked,’o Messenger of Allah! which (type of) charity is preferred?’ the Prophet (pbuh) answered,’charity in Ramadhan’.

also, according to imam Al-Haddad, it is best to begin your mental and physical (e.g schedule arrangements to maximize time for ‘ibadah) preparations some time before the fasting actually starts.

Blessed Rejab to all.

Zaf

 
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Posted by on May 20, 2012 in Fiqh, Hadith, Qur'an, Ramadan

 

What we seek;

Bismillahirrahmaanirrahim.

“Oh Allah,

I seek Your Counsel by Your Knowledge,

And I ask You from Your Immense Favour,

For Verily You are able while I am not,

And verily You know while I do not,

and You are the Knower of the unseen.

Oh Allah,

If You know this affair to be good for me

In my relation to my religion, my life, and end,

Then decree and facilitate it for me,

And bless me with it.

And if You know this affair to be ill for me

Towards my religion, my life, and end,

Then remove it from me and remove me from it,

And decree for me what is good wherever it be,

And decree for me what is good wherever it be,

And decree for me what is good… wherever it be,

And make me satisfied with such.”

Ameen.

This is the English translation of the Dua Al Istikharah ; which means The supplication to seek what is good. This is recited after the Istikharah prayer, which is a non-obligatory prayer that we perform when we are faced with tough decisions, stress, and such. I think many of us are familiar with it (: i obtained this translation from http://bit.ly/dNi91D – Mishary recites the Dua so beautifully here.

Don’t stop asking for Allah’s guidance – we need it more than anything.

 
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Posted by on January 16, 2011 in Arabic, Fiqh, Hadith, Ramadan, Spirituality, Uncategorized